Chronic Disease ManagementChoose one of the following chronic diseases to address in this component: Hypertension Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Diabetes Mellitus type 2 Childhood AsthmaComplete the following: Detail the population including who the members are, contributing causes, past medical history, family/genetic components. Evaluate the population including size, seriousness of disease, special needs, etc. Assess the need for formal case management. Argue the potential benefits to implementing a case management model including economics, quality of life/care, social disruption, etc. Analyze why nursing should be a part of this plan. What can they bring to the table? Identify other team members who should be included on a case management team. Why should they be on this team and what is their role?Reading and ResourcesChapter 2 pages 44-47 in Fundamentals of Case Management PracticeDe Regge, M., Pourcq, K. D., Meijboom, B., Trybou, J., Mortier, E., & Eeckloo, K. (2017).The role of hospitals in bridging the care continuum: A systematic review of coordination of care and follow-up for adults with chronic conditions. BMC Health Services Research, 17Davis, M. M., Devoe, M., Kansagara, D., Nicolaidis, C., & Englander, H. (2012). “Did I do as best as the system would let me?” healthcare professional views on hospital to home care transitions. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 27(12), 1649-56.Additional Instructions: All submissions should have a title page and reference page. Utilize a minimum of two scholarly resources. Adhere to grammar, spelling and punctuation criteria. Adhere to APA compliance guidelines. Adhere to the chosen Submission Option for Delivery of Activity guidelines.Submission Options:Choose One:Instructions:Paper 4 to 6-page paper. Include title and reference pages.
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In this assignment, we will focus on Chronic Disease Management and specifically address one of the following chronic diseases: Hypertension, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Diabetes Mellitus type 2, or Childhood Asthma. We will detail the population affected by the chosen disease, evaluate the population size and seriousness of the disease, and assess the need for formal case management. Additionally, we will argue the potential benefits of implementing a case management model, analyze why nursing should be involved in the plan, and identify other team members who should be part of the case management team.
The chosen chronic disease for this component is Hypertension. Hypertension is a common chronic condition characterized by high blood pressure. It affects individuals of various age groups, but the prevalence increases with age. The population affected by hypertension includes individuals with contributing causes such as family history, unhealthy lifestyle choices, obesity, high sodium intake, and stress.
The size of the population with hypertension is significant, as it affects approximately 1 in 3 adults worldwide. The seriousness of hypertension lies in its association with other health complications, including cardiovascular diseases, stroke, kidney disease, and vision problems. Hypertensive individuals often require ongoing management to control their blood pressure and reduce the risk of associated complications.
Formal case management is necessary for individuals with hypertension due to the complexity of their care. Case management provides a systematic approach to coordinating and managing the care of individuals with chronic diseases. It ensures that patients receive appropriate interventions, follow-up care, and education to optimize their health outcomes.
Implementing a case management model for hypertension can bring several benefits. Economically, it can help reduce healthcare costs by preventing expensive hospitalizations and complications associated with uncontrolled hypertension. Quality of life and care can be improved through regular monitoring of blood pressure, medication management, and lifestyle modifications. Social disruption caused by uncontrolled hypertension, such as missed workdays and decreased productivity, can be mitigated through effective case management.
Nursing plays a crucial role in the case management of hypertension. Nurses have the knowledge and skills to assess and monitor patients’ blood pressure, educate them about the disease and its management, and provide ongoing support and counseling. They can collaborate with other healthcare professionals to develop individualized care plans and ensure patients adhere to medication regimens and lifestyle changes. Nurses can also help identify potential barriers to self-management and provide strategies to overcome them.
Apart from nursing, other team members who should be included in the case management team for hypertension are primary care physicians, pharmacists, and dietitians. Primary care physicians have a comprehensive understanding of the patient’s medical history and can prescribe appropriate medications and monitor overall health. Pharmacists can review medication regimens, provide medication counseling, and monitor for potential drug interactions. Dietitians can offer nutritional guidance and help patients develop healthy eating habits to control their blood pressure.
In conclusion, hypertension is a chronic disease that requires formal case management due to its prevalence, seriousness, and potential complications. Implementing a case management model can provide economic benefits, improve quality of life/care, and reduce social disruptions. Nursing plays a vital role in hypertension management, providing holistic care, education, and ongoing support. Other essential team members include primary care physicians, pharmacists, and dietitians who bring their expertise to the table in managing hypertension effectively.